Case Profile

The Cigarette-Smoking Man (now terminally ill) enlists the help of a reluctant Scully in an elaborate con to capture a fugitive from DARPA, a doctor code-named Cobra, who holds the science for curing every human disease. The Cigarette-Smoking Man and Scully go on a road trip and the Cigarette-Smoking Man confesses many of his thoughts and worries. Cobra is executed but the Cigarette-Smoking Man lets Scully live. However he does not give Scully the science as promised, but prefers to destroy it.

Field Report

Season 7 is more than any other the season of the actors: 3 episodes are written by the cast. En Ami is William B. Davis' third pitch to Chris Carter and the first that passed the test to be developed as an episode. In En Ami, Davis' character the Cigarette-Smoking Man steals the show and Davis writes himself scenes with Scully, when we were used to see him interact with Mulder -- he even writes himself a scene with a face-to-face dinner with Scully wearing a beautiful dress! More than an important part of the mytharc, this episode is an interesting character study for (what would have been) the Cigarete-Smoking Man's penultimate appearance.

The miraculous science

The science research and experiments done for hybridization and biological warfare are considered here under a more humanitarian light. Scully sees 'miracles' -- a child dying of lymphatic cancer saved from certain death, a healthy woman at her 118th year -- that were performed with advanced technology that she's very familiar with: she carries it herself (5X03: Redux II)! Scully notes the presence of scars in the back of the neck of the boy and the woman the CSM presents to her. The CSM: "You're not at all curious? About the chip that's been put in that boy's neck? You, a medical doctor who has the same technology in your body? Has witnessed this wondrous 'miracle' first-hand?" The chip in 5X02: Redux was supposed to cure a cancer caused out of uncontrolled growths created by hybridization residues of Black Oil in the abductee's genome. And the science behind these chips can not only cure any cancer, but anything: "It's the holiest of grails, Dana. It's the cure for all human disease"! They come from a "closely guarded" "genetic research".

The origin of it is of course alien ("It's from that final frontier. It's largely extraterrestrial."), the alien's propensity to heal their wounds for example, adapted to human genetics. Playing god is obviously something the CSM fancies! The 118 year old woman, Marjorie Butters, was to be the CSM's mother in an early draft of the script (!) but this was dropped because even if the CSM is old, the age difference is too big! Marjorie is just a person the CSM takes some pleasure to see happy, an artificial relationship the CSM has created thanks to the power he yields with this curing technology: "Can you imagine what that's like to have the power to extinguish a life or to save it and let it flourish?"

'Cobra', the doctor that is the source of all this, was working for the "Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency", DARPA, already encountered regarding bioweaponry in Redux. He was probably working for the Syndicate to some extent as well (for him to use science developed in the hybridization experiments). Cobra gets tired of the secrecy and decides to go public; he becomes a "federal fugitive". His communication with Scully was diverted from its intended source by the CSM. The CSM creates all this elaborate scam around Scully -- the visit to the CSM's offices, the road trip -- only to reach Cobra, who had gone under the radar. The CSM maintains an liberal stance throughout, as in Mulder's dream in 7X04: Amor Fati: "You're free to go, of course. The choice is still yours." Scully visits the CSM's office in an apparently normal busy office building. This could be the same building the CSM had a conference in in 6X22: Biogenesis, perhaps the headquarters of the new Syndicate the CSM is trying to build. The fact that all of this is evacuated at the end shows the importance of the Cobra leak to the CSM and his associates. Scully retrieves the disk that contains all this knowledge and the CSM's henchman the Black-haired Man (last seen in Fight the Future!) kills him.

In a very quick instant barely offscreen and off Scully's eyes, the CSM pockets Cobra's disk and hands Scully a blank one. The "perfectly executed con" is complete.

The Cigarette-Smoking Man and Scully

But as with any professional liar it's difficult to discern what was part of the con to gain Scully's trust and what was genuinely the CSM. In their little road trip, the CSM confesses to Scully his thoughts, his feelings, his weaknesses and his hopes for his short future. He is dying from the operation he had in 7X04: Amor Fati ("Cerebral inflammation, a consequence of brain surgery I had in the fall. The doctors give me just a few months."); the work of his life in the Syndicate is gone (6X12: One Son); he wants to leave a legacy behind, something for which to be remembered as a good man. Scully: "So you want to use me to clear the slate, to make you a respectable person." By saving the world by curing all disease -- the right appeal for Scully, a doctor, as well. The counterpoint for this is his more pessimistic feelings that humanity is, after all, doomed -- from its own bestial and selfishly profiteering nature, or from the hand of God (ie the Colonists). What good will alleviating some physical pain will do? The CSM might be able to cure himself with this science, to extend his life, but what good will it do to him? For him to assist powerless in an apocalypse (the colonization) of his own making? For extending his miserable and lonely existence? His will to resist, if there was any to begin with, is completely gone: "I've tired of Mulder's mule-headedness, his foolish ideas of overthrowing the system." This nihilistic finding makes him destroy the disk and light his eternal cigarette, becoming with it his old selfish self. Throughout the series, he was vulnerable when he was not smoking; lighting a cigarette makes him become the man he tries to escape from but fails to do so. In the end, the CSM prefers to go down with the rest of the world rather than become a saviour to everyone.

Could Scully's chip be a cure to any disease? Is Scully thus protected from anything? (Could this tie in with Scully's half-jokingly alleged immortality from 3X04: Clyde Bruckman's Final Repose and 6X09: Tithonus?!)

There is also a detail that spawned quite a reaction: Scully falling asleep in the CSM's car, the CSM wearing gloves, and Scully waking up wearing a different set of clothes. What happened there? Did the CSM touch her in some way? Insert into her an updated chip that protects her not only from cancer but from all disease? Manipulate her so she could find her fertility again? Did the CSM artificially impregnate her himself, leaving another legacy to this world? Or are all these conspiratorial theories too much? The CSM explains "I only wanted to make you comfortable" and Scully was tired enough not to wake up during all this. The gloves were there as a kind of symbol: the CSM does not want to soil Scully with his own hands, evil protects itself from purity; even unconsciously, the CSM does not consider himself pure enough to touch her. (As 9X11: Providence proves, all this was just a red herring.)

Whatever happened there, he kills his own henchman the Black-haired Man and lets Scully live, again. Of all the things that the CSM told Scully, one sticks out that particularly moved him and must be true: "I'm a lonely man, Dana." All the people he knows are either dead, often by his own hand, or he betrayed them; the women he loved (Cassandra, Tena, Diana) are gone. What Scully refers to in the end, "a longing for [...] something he could never have", is human affection, mutual care, love -- something he now sees as going on between his son Mulder, and Scully. The CSM confesses a certain affection for Scully, but not an attraction: an affection like the one a man has to the woman that will carry his grandchild. After all, the title is French for "as a friend".

Surveillance Recodings
Scully: "What the hell are you doing?"
Cigarette-Smoking Man: "God's work, what else? [...] You see, I'm dying myself. A dying man who wants to make right; to share his secrets; to bequeath this cure to millions of others just like that boy."
Scully: "So you want to give it to us."
Cigarette-Smoking Man: "To you, Agent Scully. I've tired of Mulder's mule-headedness, his foolish ideas of overthrowing the system."

Cigarette-Smoking Man: "In the end...a man finally looks at the sum of his life to see what he'll leave behind. Most of what I worked to build is in ruins and now that the darkness descends, I find I have no real legacy. [...] I've destroyed a lot of things in my life including the people most precious to me. All I want is a chance to do something in service to man before I go."

Scully: "You're going to smoke?"
Cigarette-Smoking Man (tosses cigarette out): "It's time I quit."
Scully: "Just like that."
Cigarette-Smoking Man: "No sacrifice is purely altruistic. We give expecting to receive."
Scully: "What exactly is it you expect to receive?"
Cigarette-Smoking Man: "Your trust. You question my sincerity. You think I'm heartless. Would it soften your opinion of me if I confessed that I've always had a particular affection for you? I assure you my intentions are honorable. I have affection for Mulder, too. My affection for you is special. I held your life in my hands. Your cancer was terminal. I had a cure. Can you imagine what that's like to have the power to extinguish a life or to save it and let it flourish?"

Skinner: "She says she's fine."
Mulder: "She's in trouble."

[Scully wakes up with no recollection of how she got there]
Cigarette-Smoking Man: "How do you take your coffee?"
Scully: "Unadulterated, thank you."

[The Lone Gunmen storm Skinner's office]
Mulder: "I believe you've all met."
Langly: "Is this place secure?"
Skinner: "Is it secure?!"
Frohike: "Don't get testy, G-man."

Mulder: "He did it all for himself, to get the science on that disk. His sincerity was a mask, Scully. The man's motives never changed."
Scully: "You think he used me to save himself at the expense of the human race."
Mulder: "No, he knows what that science is worth, how powerful it is. He'd let nothing stand in his way."
Scully: "You may be right. But for a moment, I saw something else in him. A longing for something more than power. Maybe for something he could never have."

E.T.C 2004-2008